26th January Spacial: About New India

New India: What happened to makeover, what is going to happen?

Does not change over time as it corrodes. That is why changes are taking place in India as well. In the name of 'New India', many reforms are going on across the country. Of course, political parties have their own definition of New India and also have their own controversies. On the other hand, the country has undergone many changes in the last one or two decades, which can truly be called 'New India'. Any small change today can take the form of a big revolution tomorrow and that is what New India should be called in the true sense. Here are some examples of New Indiana. MPL Rogue Heist - India's 1st Shooter Game

Sikkim: A major achievement in the field of small state agriculture

Organic tea plantation in Sikkim, India
Organic tea plantation in Sikkim, India | by Bernward Geier

Sikkim has become the first state in the country to engage in fully organic farming. The small state has had this great achievement since 2015. Sikkim has barely 75,000 hectares of arable land. The government has gradually converted the land into full nature based farming. The use of artificial fertilizers and pesticide seeds has stopped.

The state was given the status of the first organic state after Sikkim complied with all the norms laid down under the government's 'National Program for Organic Program'. The Sikkim government has also banned the sale of land cultivated by chemicals.

On the one hand, diseases are on the rise in the world, on the other hand, the demand for nature-based farming and agricultural products is also increasing. Under these circumstances, Sikkim's success will be significant at the world level. The contribution of agriculture to Sikkim's economy is huge, so the state had no other option but to reform agriculture.

The hill state of Sikkim mainly cultivates cardamom, ginger, flowers, vegetables, rice etc. Also H. and Ginger are the main products. Now, after Sikkim, the neighboring states of Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh are also putting more emphasis on organic farming. As the demand for India's organic products is increasing day by day in western countries.

Preparation for a similar spaceflight: Mission Gaganyan

Gaganyan is India's first space mission and is set to launch in 203. The project is a major challenge for the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). This is because there is a big difference between launching satellites and sending a manned spaceflight. Sending humans into space is a daunting task. This requires technology ranging from special capsules, for which ISRO has made preparations. A space travel station has been set up near the ISRO headquarters in Bengaluru for the mission.

Preparations are being made here including space shuttle, space craft. Russia will train astronauts. In addition, a crew abort system has been developed to bring astronauts safely to Earth in the event of an accident. India has been successful in building satellites and launching rockets for half a century. Apart from that, India lags behind in space exploration. That is why India is now preparing to send a similar mission into space.

As planned so far, six astronauts will orbit the Earth for seven days. India's Gaganyan will be launched into space from ISRO's Sriharikota launching base. After a seven-day journey, it will probably land somewhere on the coast of Gujarat. So far, only the United States, Russia and China have developed the technology to send astronauts into space. India is going to be the fourth country in the list.

India's first paperless government meeting

India's first paperless government meeting
Nara Chandrababu Naidu, Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh introduces the primary e-Cabinet assembly in Hyderabad on Monday pronouncing a terrific bye to assembly with papers 

The Cabinet meeting of the Andhra Pradesh Government was held on 15th September 2014. The meeting was India's first paperless government meeting. The then Chief Minister Chandrababu Naidu named it e-Cabinet. In it all the cabinet ministers gave PowerPoint presentations and did not use paper at all.

Cabinet ministers carrying iPads or laptops completed the entire meeting without using paper. It was the first official meeting of a paperless cabinet in New India in the 21st century. The ministers who were to give the work report also gave a PowerPoint presentation and it was initiated by the Chief Minister himself.

The issues pertaining to that ministry were noted online by the ministers themselves. Not only that, when it came to cooperation between the ministries, the ministers exchanged files by e-mailing each other in the presence of the Chief Minister.

Utilizing drones for map creation

Military drones are used in attacks. But there are also many good uses for drones. The government survey maker 'Survey of India' has started mapping the entire country with drones and preparing a modern and detailed map. Of course, this map will be digital, but prints can be obtained if needed. The primary identification of any country in the world is with its map, so modernization is required in map creation.

The maps that are currently being prepared have a scale of one million to fifty million centimeters per centimeter. That is, the map covers an area of ​​one million centimeters per centimeter to cover the whole country. While the map being prepared from the drone will include a scale of 500 centimeters in one centimeter. This will make the map more perfect. In addition, this digital map can be prepared in 3D format as it is taken by a drone.

About 300 drones have been deployed for the project. In about 2 years, out of 32 lakh square kilometers of the country, 24 lakh square kilometers will be covered. Forest, river, mountainous areas will now be excluded from the mapping, as there are no special changes. The project is based on a computer software called ''NOAA Continuously Operating Reference Stations (CORS) ''. The details of the found map will be entered in this software and a map will be prepared based on it.

Economy: Britain's 150 years equals India's 30 years!

No country's economic growth remains the same. Moreover, once the growth rate increases, it does not continue to increase. But so much is certain for India that a strong recession does not have a major downturn. More remarkably, India's speed of economic growth is increasing. The certificate of speed was given to Nobel laureate economist Paul Krugman. Krugman, who attended an event in Delhi in March 2018, said India's economy was growing rapidly. India has shown the same amount of development in the last 20 years that it took Britain 150 years to develop.

Praising India's economic growth, he said that India has shown a speed unmatched in any other country in the world. Even now, India is a great place to invest. But government employees and corruption are the two biggest obstacles in India. To remove it. Despite the progress of development, India's full potential has not yet come out. He advised the government to remain active for this.

The anthrax vaccine was developed in India

Scientists from the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) and Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) have come up with a new vaccine against the deadly disease anthrax. The disease is spread by bacteria found in animals. The disease is most common in cows, horses, sheep and goats. Its effects are less pronounced in pigs, dogs and humans.

The outbreak in 2001 caused an uproar in the United States. Various prominent people in America were getting unfamiliar covers. The powder came out of the cover and the powder was said to be of anthrax. That is why an atmosphere of fear was created among the people.

Bacillus anthrax bacteria that spread anthrax are mixed in the soil and remain dormant for years. These bacteria then become active and spread the epidemic when they find a favorable environment. Anthrax is not detected immediately after infection, often by the time the infection is reported. The vaccine was developed after the bio-terror of anthrax in America. Scientists in India have developed a more powerful and more effective drug than the previous vaccine.

Achieved the ability to break the satellite

Dissolution is easier than creation, but it is easier for India to create a satellite, it is harder to dismantle it after setting it up in the sky. Fortunately, India achieved that feat in 2019. The satellite launched by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) was shot down by a missile in orbit.

So far, only three countries in the world - Russia, the United States and China - have the ability to launch orbiting orbiting (live) satellites from the earth with a missile or other device. The club included India. The satellite was shot down by a missile developed by the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO).

This technology is going to be very important in future wars. Satellites meet many of our daily needs. Whether it's turning on GPS or watching a live match on a mobile, checking for damage with satellite images in a disaster, or saving the country's railway timetable, satellites are a must.

Now, if one country destroys another country's satellite, great damage can be done. Ninety percent of U.S. government work is satellite-based. In the same way, the importance of satellites is increasing in India as well. India has developed this technology so that no enemy country would dare to destroy India's satellites.

Smart farming with the help of artificial intelligence

Smart farming with Drone

The use of artificial intelligence has become a game changer in many areas. Drones and artificial intelligence are widely used in many sectors, but have not yet been used extensively in agriculture. Indian farmers have been preferring to adopt more traditional methods of farming than foreign farmers. But a new generation of farmers has started smart farming in the country.

The government's agri-flight scheme also gives impetus to new research in agriculture. It has started promoting all the devices and inventions that bring smartness in agriculture.

In Krishna district of Andhra Pradesh, the work of monitoring the crops in 5000 acres of land has been started by Marut Drontech with special farming drones. After aerial observation of the entire crop, the drone reports it to the farmer. The farmer decides from the pictures whether the farm needs water or not. What is the effect on the crop in which section? Drones also provide information if a disease has been applied to the crop. This drone can observe by flying a little above the field.

Drones are currently being used in agriculture for observation and other smart technologies are mainly used for harvesting and monitoring the land. Indian farmers have also used smart technology to help cultivate the land. In the coming years, many farmers in India have started creating an environment where smart farming can be done.

Storytelling app that educates children through KathaKhazana  App

There was a tradition of teaching children through sermons. In a joint family, children received stories from generation to generation through grandparents or great-grandparents, but over time the joint family practice became limited. Such stories no longer reach children. Recognizing this shortcoming, the story treasure app came into existence. An organization called Katha created an app platform called Katha Khajana with children in India in mind.

The organization, which has been in operation since 1988, has introduced the medium of the app, providing videos, books and games to encourage children to read sermons and inspirational stories. Children living in remote areas do not get books to read. Schools lack libraries. Many semi-educated parents are unaware of what to read or show their children.

Through this app, the work of delivering stories, videos and motivational stories to the children of such parents, who barely get their livelihood from labor, was done. The story treasure app, which offers free reading treasure, has also received numerous awards. The country's first such app, Katha Khazana, has also received South Asia's prestigious Ambience Award.

The app has been downloaded more than a million times. The organization has teamed up with schools in 17 states to make video and online book readings available in schools through the app. Stories are told in this app in simple language that children can understand. There are also simple games on the platform that children can play by touching the screen themselves, with simple games available that convey the message, including keeping the house clean.

KathaKhazana  App Link: Click Hear

India's advancement in wind energy

India's advancement in wind energy
Image by Matthias Böckel from Pixabay

In 2015, India generated 2623 MW of electricity through wind energy. That is an increase of 2623 MW in wind power generation. According to a report by the Global Wind Energy Council, India ranks fourth in the field of wind energy. Spain was previously ranked fourth. India, which had pushed the rich country backwards, had taken the lead.

On the other hand, according to the Indian Wind Energy Association, Gujarat ranks third in generating wind energy. As per 2015 statistics, 23439 MW of electricity was generated by wind across India. The highest wind power in India was in Tamil Nadu (7456 MW). Maharashtra was second (4439 MW) and Gujarat was third (3642 MW). Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Karnataka are also leading states in wind energy.

Remote sight of a robotic telescope

India launched the country's first robotic telescope in 2018 at Hanle in Ladakh. Named 'Global Relay of Observatories Watching Transit Happen (GROTWH-Growth)', the telescope has been developed with the help of countries other than India. That is why it has been named 'Growth-India'. Being a robotic, the operation of this telescope is automatic, it does not require human intervention.

The telescope will continue to study the waves coming from the universe in its own way and send information to the control center. Apart from India, the project also includes the UK, Israel, Germany, Japan, Taiwan and the US. On behalf of India, the Mumbai-based IIT and the Bengaluru-based Indian Institute of Astrophysics are mainly involved in the telescope. It is also affiliated with various institutions, including the Bengaluru-based Indian Institute of Science. Located at an altitude of 14,700 feet, this telescope ranks among the tallest telescopes in the world. India has spent Rs 3.5 crore on the construction of this telescope. The diameter of the telescope is 70 centimeters.

Thoondil - Dept. of Fisheries Apps

Scientists working at the National Institute of Ocean Technology under the auspices of the Ministry of Earth Sciences have developed a technology that protects fishermen in the Mediterranean. Technologies ranging from mobile apps to satellite tracking are used to rescue fishermen. Scientists have developed a separate communication system to alert fishermen about heavy rains and hurricane conditions.

Scientists working at the institute have developed a sensor system. This technology detects the changing oceans and obtains real-time data. This sensor system detects the path of the cyclone and can predict it from a distance. This may signal a timely return of fishermen to the Mediterranean.

After the death of 350 fishermen in a hurricane in 2017, a modern warning system has been developed and now many fishermen are being made aware of the real-time status of rain-storms through the app. The National Center for Coastal Research, Indian Center for Ocean Information Service, ISRO etc. also helped a lot in this. To increase the safety of fishermen, Indian scientists have developed an unprecedented rescue system with the help of technology.

First, 12 barrels were deployed in the Indian Ocean. Floating in the water conveys this weather to the data center. The data is then analyzed immediately and an auto alert is sent to the fishermen in the area at risk through an app called 'Thoondil'. This app gives the fishermen a notification of what the weather is like in the middle of the sea and what the weather will be like after hours. Not only that, this app can also be used to help the rescue team.

From the fishermen's location, the app provides information on which is the safest place near them and which rescue team can be reached. The app is designed in such a way that rescue teams can also be contacted offline. About 5,000 to 7,000 fishermen from Kerala and Tamil Nadu have been trained in the device, which has greatly reduced the risk of their daily work. It is planned to connect this system with fishermen across the country in the coming years. This technology reduces the risk of life threatening fishermen by 70 to 80 percent during maritime crises.

App link: Thoondil - Dept. of Fisheries, TN & NCCR, MoES

The only Internet of Things platform

The connection of all the useful things to the Internet is called 'Internet of Things' (IoT). Internal automatic connection of more than one device is the Internet of Things. In a way device networking is the Internet of Things. It makes our daily life easier.

For the first time in the country, Tata Communications has created a marketplace platform to create a product environment related to the Internet of Things. All the new products of the Internet of Things can be put up for sale. Consumers can also buy the product they want. Launched to promote technology in the country, this platform IoT Marketplace has proved to be very useful for many new researchers. It is the only online platform in India dedicated to the Internet of Things.

Time capsules for future detection

The Indian National Science Congress, which is held in early January every year, was held in 2019 in Jalandhar. The biggest attraction of the meeting at that time was the time capsule, which was launched today. Time capsule is a scientific term. A time capsule is a piece of land that preserves any current object, information, etc. and is opened after a certain time.

No one knows what the future holds. But there is a worldwide practice of burying time capsules so that future generations, people or living beings can know the present, the period in which we live. A time capsule is basically a box in which various items are packed and buried.

The capsule buried in the Indian Congress has a replica of India's Mars rover, model of Tejas fighter aircraft, tape recorder, laptop, smartphone, solar panel, twelfth grade text book etc. The capsule will open on January 3, 2119, a hundred years later. So the students of that time or whoever is in the place of the university will get all these things.

India prepares electromagnetic railgun!

electromagnetic railgun!
Traced by User:Stannered from a PNG by en:User:DrBob, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

In 2017, scientists from the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) successfully tested electromagnetic radiation (EMRG). Indian scientists have made great strides in terms of defense technology. This is because even countries with huge military budgets, including the United States, are still testing electromagnetic radiation. India has been able to match it. The railgun is the weapon of the modern age. His presence will lead to an extraordinary increase in the strength of the Indian Army.

It usually requires fuel to launch a missile or rocket. But electromagnetic rails do not require such conventional fuel. These guns are powered by electricity, magnetism and laser. In which no energy of any kind is used. The magnetic field alone generates so much power that the dispatching weapon (gun) can reach speeds of up to 7200 km / h.

The EMRG is the weapon of tomorrow. A gun that can attack six times faster than sound could change the outcome of a future war. A bullet fired by a railgun can also pierce a concrete wall two hundred kilometers away. The gun is called a railgun because of its derailment-like system. Organizations like NASA have even planned to make future space trips by railgun. India has achieved a remarkable feat instead of just thinking.

Biofuel powered aircraft

The country's first biofuel flight made a new history with a successful flight in August 2018. Biofuels are made using vegetable oils, recycled grease, animal fats etc. The option of using this fuel instead of conventional petroleum has been found to be more beneficial. Because it causes a lot of carbon emissions. Which in sum will be more beneficial for the environment.

The Airlines International Air Transport Association has decided to reduce the carbon emissions from the aviation industry by 50 per cent by 2050. As part of this, such efforts take place in various countries. India became the fourth most successful country in the world to fly a biofuel-powered aircraft as part of that effort. India is the only developing country to have successfully flown a biofuel powered aircraft.

The SpiceJet Bombardier Q200 flew from Dehradun to Delhi in August 2018. The flight carrying 20 passengers took 3 minutes to cover the distance from Dehradun to Delhi.

The world's first biofuel-powered flight flew between Los Angeles and Melbourne in 2018. Before India, only the United States, Australia and Canada had succeeded in flying biofuel aircraft.

Train 18: Train running without engine

Train 18 (Vande Bharat exp)
JND AMD, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

India's railway system is large, but has had to rely heavily on other countries for the necessary technology. Now, however, the government has taken steps to make the required railway service in India available through Make in India and has achieved success. An example of this is Train-18 (Vande Bharat Express). At present this train without engine runs between Delhi-Katra and Delhi-Varanasi. The train, built at the Integral Coach Factory (ICF) in Chennai, has been built under Make in India.

Among the various features of this train, its unique feature is its engine. Normally every train has a front engine, while in train-18 each compartment has its own engine. No vehicle can run without an engine. But if the whole separate engine is attached to the front, the speed of the train will be somewhat reduced. Therefore, engines have been fitted in every compartment of this train. So instead of the engine, there will be a compartment in which passengers can sit.

This technology is called 'Electric Multiple Unit (EMU)' in the language of science. Many metro trains in India and local trains in Mumbai run on this technology. Its better known name, however, is 'Multiple Electric Multiple Unit (MEMU)'. Japan's Shinkansen bullet runs without fitting the front engine, in the same way this train will run. The technology is not new, but it is also being used successfully for the first time in India for long distance trains. Now the government is preparing more such trains.

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